In the winter months, disregard for diseases caused by cold weather can cause the disease to move to more advanced stages and to recur. In the winter months, people’s complaints of diseases such as flu, flu, pharyngitis, laryngitis, sinusitis, otitis media, bronchitis and pneumonia increase.
Don’t say it doesn’t mess with me!
Winter infections mostly affect children, the elderly, pregnant women and those with chronic diseases. In winter, the body spends more energy to adapt to the cold weather, and when this energy need is not met, the body resistance decreases and becomes susceptible to infections.
Infection viruses, which are mostly seen in the winter months, are contaminated by the germs that spread to the air by coughing or sneezing by the people carrying the disease, after breathing of healthy people or after touching the objects with microbes, then rubbing the hand on the eyes and face. At the same time, viruses can be transmitted by common items such as door handles, computer keyboards, phones. The person is contagious 24 hours before and five days after the onset of symptoms. Symptoms of infectious diseases include fever, sore throat, runny nose, sneezing, cough, headache, pain in muscles and joints, and weakness. Usually, improvement is seen within 1-2 weeks. However, it may be more severe in the elderly, diabetics, and people with chronic diseases of the underlying kidney, heart or respiratory system. In addition, it can prepare the ground for diseases such as pneumonia.
What can be done to protect against winter diseases
People with chronic diseases such as COPD, asthma and bronchitis should definitely apply to their physicians and have their general controls when entering the winter months. According to the doctor’s recommendation, people can get flu and pneumonic vaccines. It should not be stayed for a long time in dirty and cold environments. Close contact with people who have the infection should be avoided.
Avoid closed and crowded places. In order to protect from cold, clothes suitable for the weather temperature should be worn. The best way to avoid infectious diseases is to wash your hands frequently and avoid close respiratory contact. As a treatment, unconscious drugs, especially antibiotics, should not be used without a doctor’s prescription. Drug treatment should be regulated by the doctor.