Preventing diseases before they occur or diagnosing them at an early stage with preventive screening and treatments are very important in terms of increasing the quality and duration of life. Many diseases manifest themselves as a result of blood tests, imaging techniques and other medical analysis methods performed during routine health checks. For this reason, a health screening called check-up is applied by health institutions to detect the presence or onset of any disease at an early stage. Regular check-ups are of great importance in terms of children’s health as well as adults. Thanks to the health screenings to be made at an early age, it can be easily determined whether there is any disease that will affect the growth and development of children negatively.
What is a check up?
Check-up is a periodic health screening that can be done to evaluate the current health status in healthy individuals and to investigate possible disease risks, to determine the status and course of the disease in sick individuals and to control the body in general. In check-up applications, it is aimed to detect hidden diseases that have not yet visible or noticeable symptoms by going through the body in general. For this reason, every individual who pays attention to himself and his health should have regular check-ups. This application is very important for early detection of diseases such as cancer that progress insidiously and do not show any symptoms until their final stages.
What does a check-up cover?
Although the screening and tests performed in check-up applications differ depending on the health institution where the application was made, they are close to each other. These tests generally consist of blood, urine and stool tests and some imaging methods. The tests commonly used in check up applications are:
• Medical examination
• Complete blood count
• Blood sugar test
• Liver and kidney function tests
• Blood lipid and cholesterol tests
• Hormone tests
• Vitamin and mineral tests
• Urine test
• Effort test
• ECG (Electrocardiogram)
In addition to basic check-up tests, it is possible to have more detailed tests for cancer screening, endoscopy, allergy test, and more detailed examinations for people with a chronic disease history.
Who should check up and how often?
Check-up is a health screening that can be applied at any age, from childhood to old age. How often the check-up application should be done varies according to the age and health status. It is recommended that all healthy individuals have a check-up once a year in order to keep the health status under control and to identify possible disease risks and existing diseases. Since the disease risk increases in individuals over the age of 40, check-up should be performed at least every 6 months. In addition to routine tests, eye examination, cardiovascular health tests and further cancer screening are recommended for individuals over the age of 40. Pulmonary function tests and lung imaging, breast cancer and cervical cancer tests in women; Prostate cancer tests should be done in men.
What should be considered before checking up?
Unless otherwise recommended by the doctor, individuals who will have a check-up application should apply to the health institution on an empty stomach in the morning. Pregnant women and those who are suspected of pregnancy should inform their doctors about their situation before the procedures. In order to obtain accurate results from the examinations performed, alcohol consumption should not be consumed in the past 24 hours. If your check-up program includes an effort test, you should bring sports shoes and sportswear with you. When coming to the application, it is recommended that you bring a file containing blood tests, surgery reports, if any, and all your health information.
If you also care about your health and want to have regular checks, you can apply to a health institution and have a check up. After the health screening, you can protect your health by repeating the check-up application as often as your doctor recommends, by ensuring early diagnosis of a possible disease state.