Contraceptive methods

The most commonly used modern methods for women are contraceptive pills and intrauterine spirals. However, in addition to this, needle, diaphragm, tablets and suppositories that kill male reproductive cells and the methods of tying the tubes of women called tubal ligation are among the effective methods of birth control.

 

Birth control pill (oral contraceptives)

Aplar contains female hormones. Taken orally every day, it prevents the formation of an egg. In addition, it prevents sperm from passing through and reaching the uterus by thickening the secretions in the cervix. It is a very effective method, but it should be taken every day at the same time, whether there is sexual intercourse or not. If the woman forgets to take the pill, there is a danger of becoming pregnant. Women who have never conceived before can easily use it.

POSITIVE ASPECTS
Ensures regular menstrual periods
It reduces the pain and pains during menstrual bleeding and premenstrual tension.
It helps prevent anemia by reducing the amount of menstrual bleeding.
It protects the woman against ovarian and uterine cancer.
In those who have cysts in their ovaries or breasts, these prevent the cysts from growing.
It prevents ectopic pregnancy.
It prevents inflammation in the uterus and tubes.
It provides improvement of acne and pimples.
Pregnancy can occur immediately when it is stopped. There is no harm in using it by women who have never given birth.

NEGATIVES
It must be remembered to take pills every day.
May cause nausea. If it is drunk after going to bed at night or after dinner, this complaint is reduced.
It can increase 1-2 kilos in the first use. This is more in the form of water retention. Eating less salt improves with increasing movement.
Blood pressure (blood pressure) may increase in some women. Therefore, blood pressure should be measured when used for the first time and at subsequent controls.
CONDITIONS THAT SHOULD NOT BE USED
Those who cannot remember to take pills every day should not use it.
Irregular menstruation (until the cause of the irregularity is determined)
Diabetics
Those with liver disorders
Those with high blood pressure
Those with vascular disease that manifests with vascular occlusion, redness in the legs, swelling and pain
Especially those who have severe headaches with nausea and vomiting should not use it.

Intrauterine device (IUD, Spiral)

The intrauterine device is made of flexible material, it is inserted into the uterus by medical personnel. The IUD prevents sperm from reaching the woman’s tubes. Pregnancy returns immediately after removal. Women who have never been pregnant before can use it if they do not have sexual intercourse with more than one person, but it should not be the first option. IUD is placed in health institutions (hospitals, health centers, mother and child health and family planning centers).

POSITIVE ASPECTS
It is an effective method of preventing pregnancy (99 percent)
Copper ones protect effectively from pregnancy for 10–12 years
Does not affect sexual intercourse
NEGATIVES
In particular, it can increase the number of menstrual days and the amount of bleeding up to twice in the first 3 months. This situation then returns to normal.
There may be pain during the menstrual period. Pain relievers can be used for this.
It is not suitable for those at risk of sexually transmitted diseases.
It can slide from the uterus to the reservoir. It is a common situation especially for those who wash the inside of its reservoir. If he moves out of place, his protection will be reduced.

Needles (vaccine, injected hormones)
The needles contain hormones. There are two types that are done every month and every 3 months. Hormone is gradually released into the blood after it is done. Similar to the pill, it prevents the formation of eggs. It also thickens the secretions in the cervix, preventing the sperm from passing through and reaching the uterus.

DIAPHRAGM
It is a cover made of thin plastic that is placed on the part of the uterus that opens to the vagina, namely the cervix. It protects from pregnancy by preventing the passage of sperms to the uterus. The woman inserts the diaphragm before each sexual intercourse and takes it off after sexual intercourse.

TABLETS AND WICKERS (SPERMICITES) THAT KILL MALE SPERIAL CELL
Tablets and suppositories that kill male sperm cells are inserted into the vagina by the woman before sexual intercourse to prevent pregnancy. These substances kill the sperm before they reach the uterus and make the egg unable to fertilize.

CONNECTION OF WOMEN’S TUBES (TUBE LIGATION)
It is a permanent and irreversible method that women can use to avoid pregnancy. It is one of the most effective contraceptive methods. Since the tubes only act as a bridge between the ovary and the uterus, the tying of the tubes has no effect other than preventing pregnancy.

MALE BIRTH CONTROL METHODS
The main methods of male birth control are connecting the male’s sperm ducts, called condoms and vasectomy.

CONDOM (PREZERVATIVE, SHEATH, HOOD)
Condom is one of the contraceptive methods used by men. It prevents the passage of sperm by creating a barrier between the penis and vagina. Condoms can be purchased from pharmacies, large markets and health institutions (health centers, mother and child health and family planning centers and hospitals). Besides being protected, it prevents premature ejaculation. It protects both sexual partners against sexually transmitted infections such as AIDS, gonorrhea and syphilis.

CONNECTING THE MEN’S CHANNELS (VASECTOMY)
It is a permanent and irreversible method that couples can use to avoid pregnancy. Consent of the spouse is required. Connecting the ducts is a simple operation that does not require the man to be hospitalized. After the surgery, there is nothing that needs to be done other than paying attention until the place has healed. It does not affect male hardening, ejaculation, amount of semen, color, sexual desire and sexual satisfaction.



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