Do you know what to do in life-threatening situations, until professional help and healthcare professionals arrive? You can save lives, prevent the situation from getting worse, and speed up the healing process with first aid practices that you can apply at that moment in competition with time. We have compiled these techniques that everyone should know, with their basic steps.
You can save a life
In case of any accident or life-threatening situation, “first aid” is called drug-free applications until the help of healthcare professionals is provided. The primary aim is to save lives, to keep the condition of the case stable and to support recovery.
First aid can be initiated by anyone in any situation. But the first rule of first aid is to stay calm. The fact that this person is calm and able to take control and manage the event, the people around; Health institutions should not panic enough to organize them to inform the fire department and security.
What to do in which case?
The situations that require first aid and emergency aid can be briefly listed as follows: traffic accident, new chest, abdominal pain, excessive drug intake, unconsciousness, fainting and palpitations.
When you see a person who faints, lightly touch their shoulder to wake up. Probably low blood pressure or sugar. To improve blood pressure, raise your feet in the air, do not raise your head. Patients with low diabetes usually experience a loss of consciousness after a cold sweat. Try to drink sugary drinks, but be careful not to get water into your lungs.
If you have a relative with chest pain, the possibility of a heart attack should come to mind first. Heart attackers hold their right hand in a fist, above the heart, and sweat. If you have aspirin on hand, chew 300 mg immediately.
Burns are the most common home and work accidents. In such a case, it is necessary to cover the burnt area with a clean cloth moistened with cold water. Anything such as tomato paste or toothpaste should never be applied to the burn wound.
In electrical shocks, first of all, the patient should be removed from the current with non-electrical materials such as dry wooden pieces and rubber, and should be laid on a flat surface without moving. The casualty is physically and psychologically relieved and transferred without standing up. If there is a fracture due to falling, the transfer is made after the fixation process.
Most trauma is bleeding heavily and will not stop spontaneously, so it is necessary to apply pressure to the bleeding area. Try to do this with a clean cloth. Since using a tourniquet can disrupt the structure of the bleeding tissue, you can consider it as a last resort when you cannot stop the bleeding. You can make a tourniquet by squeezing the bleeding area with a finger above it with a scarf or cloth.
In cases of traffic accidents and falls from height, the patient should be placed on a firm ground to stabilize the neck, waist and hips. You can make this fixation by driving the board from the patient’s hip and under the shoulder. While doing this, another person should get to the head of the patient, hold the shoulders from below with both arms and fix the head. If you notice deformities in the arms or legs afterwards, it is necessary to immobilize them as well. Again, you can do this with a thin piece of wood or hard cardboard. If the broken bone has passed through the skin and become visible, it is necessary not to touch those parts, but to cover them with a clean cloth.
It is important to keep the neck stable and to lay the patient on a flat surface, also in patients with head trauma. Pressure should be applied to the bleeding area with a clean cloth. Trying to make the patient talk and keep his consciousness open only allows you to follow the consciousness, it does not contribute to the patient. The first 24 hours is the critical time for intra-brain events, during this time it is necessary to take the patient whose speech is impaired, contraction developed and vomiting to the nearest hospital. Patients under the age of 2 and over the age of 65 should also be under the control of a doctor. If these complaints do not occur, you can follow up at home. Leaving babies sleep deprived disturbs their comfort. When the time comes to sleep, it is necessary to wake up the sleeping baby every 3-4 hours and observe whether he makes eye contact. Then your baby can continue to sleep.
If you see someone who has spasms in their arms and legs, they probably have epilepsy and are having a seizure. Your task will be to pull your tongue out of your mouth with a dry cloth. Because such patients may lose their lives not because of seizures, but because their tongue retreats.
Inform 112 correctly
Of course, patients who think it is an emergency situation or helpers should call 112 immediately, give information about the patient’s condition, how the event happened, and get information about what to do at that moment. In short, until the ambulance arrives or the patient is delivered to the nearest emergency room, it should be kept in the position it is in, if there is a trauma, it should be prevented by turning the head to the right side to prevent stomach contents from escaping to the lung, if there is respiratory difficulty, it should be placed on the right arm.
‘Premium non nocere’
If you have received first aid training and know how to take a pulse, check your heart rate. If the patient does not have a pulse, start a heart massage. If you are not familiar with this, wait for the healthcare personnel to come after your first intervention. Because the first thing learned in medicine is ‘premium non nocere’. dir.