Tears are continuously produced by the body in order to ensure hygiene in the eyes, to remove dust and foreign objects and to maintain the fat content. Tears produced under normal conditions ensure that the eye maintains the required moisture level and does not cause drips. However, when tear production increases due to various reasons or when tear drainage from the eyes is affected, the problem of watering may occur. Although eye irrigation, which is quite common among the public, is not usually taken seriously, it can be a harbinger of some eye diseases or allergies. Individuals who constantly experience tears in the eyes regardless of factors such as crying or feeling pain during the day should definitely apply to health institutions and undergo a detailed eye examination. After determining the problems causing watering, this problem can be completely eliminated with the help of simple treatments in most cases.
What causes eye watering?
Tears are a type of secretion that allows the body to perform very important functions for eye health. This fluid secreted by the tear glands protects the eye against infections, while preventing dryness, foreign bodies remaining in the eye and damage to the eye layers. Tear secretion, which is also a part of the immune system, is made by the glands under the skin of the upper eyelids. Tears containing water and salt spread from here to the entire eye every time the eyes blink. Other glands in the eye produce oils that prevent tears from evaporating too quickly and provide the eye’s unique slippery structure. As the tear discharged with the help of tear ducts evaporates and disappears, tear production continues. If tear production increases due to any reason, the problem of watery eyes occurs. The problem of watering eyes usually does not require any treatment and resolves spontaneously in a short time. However, if this situation does not improve over time and becomes chronic, there may be an eye disease and medical support should be obtained. In this problem, which does not require troublesome treatment processes, if the support of a specialist is obtained, the success of the treatment is also very high.
What are the symptoms of watering eyes?
Eye irrigation is a health problem that can be noticed quite simply. The most obvious symptom is the secretion of tears that will drip in the eyes and flow to the face even when the person does not have conditions such as sadness, crying or cold, pain. This situation can occur once or several times a day, or it can be repeated continuously during the day, making daily life difficult. Since eye irrigation disappears spontaneously within a few days or weeks, it does not usually require medical treatment. Symptoms that indicate that the problem is of a size that necessitates applying to a healthcare institution are as follows:
• Reduced vision and blurred vision
• Pain and swelling around the eyes
• The sensation of a foreign substance in the eye
• Persistent redness in the eyes
• Feeling pain when opening and closing the eyes
• Noticing injuries and scratches in the eyes
• Eye problems accompanied by severe headaches
• Bruising around the eyes
• Blood leaking from the eye
• Pain sensation around the nose and sinuses
Individuals with the above symptoms should immediately consult healthcare facilities without waiting for the watery eye to heal spontaneously. If there are foreign bodies, dryness or problems with tear ducts in the eyes, it is of great importance to treat them as soon as possible in terms of preventing permanent eye damage.
What are the causes of eye watering?
When a person feels emotional, laughs too much, coughing, sneezing, yawning, and strong taste sensations, watery eyes are natural and temporary. However, in the absence of such reasons, tears mean eye watering. The most common cause of watery eyes is dry eyes. Since there is not enough water, salt and oil in the eye in dry eyes or they are not in an equilibrium, tears must be constantly produced and this brings watering. Apart from this, the most common causes of watery eyes include:
• Common cold and sinusitis
• Eye strain
• Being in a dusty, dirty, windy, very cold or very sunny environment
• Environmental factors such as smoke and bright light
• Blockages in tear ducts
• Side effects of some medications used
• Cancer treatments involving chemotherapy and radiation
• Scratches and injuries to the eyes
• Eyelid inward or everted (entropion and ectropion)
• Foreign body intrusion, chemical substance and eye contact with gases that may cause tearing in the eyes
• Eyelid inflammation (blepharitis)
• Inverted eyelash problem (ingrown eyelashes – trichiasis)
How to diagnose watery eyes?
Questions are asked about whether the person and family has any chronic diseases, and the medications that are used continuously. In this way, after the medical history is taken, a physical examination is started. It is investigated whether there is any lesion, infection, ectropion (turning out of the eyelid) and entropion (inverting of the eyelid) by the physician with the use of light and various devices. If deemed necessary by the physician, it may be necessary to examine the eyes in more detail under anesthesia. In addition, probes can be placed in the drainage channels in the eye to investigate whether there is any obstruction. Obstructions can be detected by checking whether the fluid given from the eye comes from the nose of the patient, then a dye is injected into the tear duct and the location of the obstruction can be precisely determined with the help of medical imaging techniques. After all these procedures, problems that cause eye watering are easily diagnosed and the treatment process is initiated.
How to treat watery eyes?
Most cases of watery eyes do not reach the size that requires applying to health institutions and can be improved in a short time by paying attention to eye cleaning. Many of the people who have this problem are looking for answers to questions such as how eye watering goes and how is the treatment. In cases of watery eyes that do not heal spontaneously, the health problem that causes watering can be easily diagnosed with examination and the treatment plan is carried out accordingly. Regular use of artificial tears may be recommended for people with dry eye problems. In this way, the problem of dry eyes will be eliminated, and the problem of tears during the day will be eliminated. In addition to dryness, if any infection is detected in the eye or eyelids, eye drops, oral antibiotics and antibiotic ointments may be prescribed by the physician. In cases where there is congestion in the eye canals, a treatment plan is made for the factor causing the obstruction. Although rare, dacryocystorhinostomy and similar surgical operations may be required for the purposes of repairing tear drainage channels or creating a new channel. In addition to this, in addition to the use of recommended medications, applying hot compresses to the eyes with the help of wet towels or cotton several times a day helps to open clogged tear ducts. In cases of allergy, antihistamine-containing medication and eye drops may be recommended. In addition, allergy tests can be applied to determine the factors that cause allergies and to avoid them.