Teeth are the bones responsible for grinding food to make it ready for digestion. In the first year of life and generally between the 6th and 7th months of infancy, after the first teeth appear, ten deciduous teeth appear in the lower jaw, ten in the upper jaw, and a total of twenty. These teeth, also known as the first teeth, are temporary teeth, and from the age of 5, they are gradually shed and leave their places to permanent teeth (main teeth), which are 32 in total. Oral care should be done regularly in order to protect oral and dental health from childhood to adulthood and to prevent gum diseases, tooth decay and tooth loss. Oral and dental care includes elements such as regular tooth brushing, flossing, tongue cleaning, and these cleaning practices should be done after each meal. In addition, as a result of not regularly performing oral and dental care or due to some environmental factors, stains or tartar may occur on the teeth. In this case, dental cleaning applications performed by dentists using special equipment may be necessary. In order to detect and treat any situation that may threaten dental and gum health at an early stage, a dentist’s control should be passed every six months and it should be learned whether any treatment is necessary.
Why are teeth cleaned?
The acidic environment created by the food consumed in the mouth and the residues left by the food on the teeth cause the accumulation of bacterial plaques on the teeth. Tooth brushing process; It is mainly applied for the purposes of cleaning these bacterial plaques, removing food residues left in the teeth and mouth, and neutralizing the acidic pH formed in the mouth. If oral and dental care practices such as tooth brushing and flossing are not performed regularly, bacterial plaques on teeth remain for a long time. While this causes bacteria to cause tooth decay by damaging the tooth enamel, some bacterial plaque hardens and forms tartar, also called tartar. Tartar has a very hard structure and can not be removed by normal tooth brushing, so it requires dental cleaning by dentists. Color changes that cannot be removed by brushing may also occur due to a number of reasons such as smoking, frequent consumption of tea and coffee. In order to eliminate all these problems, some dental cleaning practices performed by dentists in a clinical environment may be necessary. Dentists should be consulted about what kind of treatment the existing problems in the teeth require or whether they require dental cleaning and a dental examination should definitely be passed.
How to clean teeth?
A real dental cleaning is done by dentists and a detailed oral examination should be done before this procedure. After the examination, if problems requiring tooth cleaning are detected, an appointment is made for the tooth cleaning process or, if possible, the cleaning process can be performed on the same day as the examination. In the dental cleaning process, tartar and plaques on the tooth surface are cleaned using various tools. These tools do not damage the tooth enamel and are only effective in removing plaque and tartar that have covered the tooth surface. After the process, a clean and smooth appearance can be obtained on its surface. In addition to cleaning plaque and tartar, some applications for whitening and brightening teeth with discoloration can also be applied if deemed necessary by dentists. Cleaning teeth is of great importance in terms of preventing problems such as gingivitis, and accordingly, gingival recession and problems that can progress to tooth loss.
Even if oral and dental care is done regularly and meticulously, tartar can recur every few years due to some minerals in foods and saliva secretion. For this reason, dental cleaning should be seen as a routine oral care procedure that should be done every few years. Various tools and medicines can be used by physicians in dental cleaning procedures. Generally, the cleaning process is started by using ultrasonic devices. These tools allow the dental calculus to be cracked by vibration. After this process, which enables the separation of large tartar from the teeth, water is sprayed into the mouth and the spilled layers are cleaned. Then, with the help of fine-structured tools, small tartars are cleaned. This process is continued until all tartar accumulated in the curved parts of the teeth and between the teeth is removed. After the tartar is completely cleaned, tooth polish or fluoride-containing pastes are applied, the cleaning process is terminated. The process is usually completed in as little as 10 minutes. However, it can be said that the higher the density of dental calculus, the longer the procedure will be. It is recommended not to eat anything and drink for half an hour after tooth cleaning applications. At the end of this period, people can return to their normal life and diet.
oral care and routine dental cleaning are not done regularly, gingivitis (gingivitis) problem may occur. Gingivitis is usually felt with symptoms such as redness of the gums, tenderness, pain while eating, and then a white-colored inflammation appears on the gums. Mild inflammations may occur after injuries during consumption of hard foods, due to careless brushing of the teeth or as a result of various vitamin and mineral deficiencies. This situation can be improved in a few days with measures such as the use of drugs and mouthwashes, which will usually be recommended by dentists, careful oral and dental care, and feeding with soft foods. However, more serious gingivitis requires treatment, especially if it recurs continuously. Recurrent severe gingivitis can lead to tooth loss. Bacterial plaques and tartar deposits on teeth are the most important cause of gingivitis. For this reason, it is very important to perform oral and dental care regularly and carefully, not to disrupt dental examinations and to have a detailed dental cleaning at the times recommended by the dentist.
How should oral and dental care be done?
Inadequate oral care is the basis of many diseases related to oral and dental health. Teeth should be brushed after every meal during the day in order to prevent the formation of bacterial plaques on the teeth, to remove nutrients and to maintain the ideal oral pH. This involves brushing your teeth 2 or 3 times daily. However, brushing teeth alone is not enough to ensure full oral hygiene. In addition to brushing, the use of dental floss is also necessary in order to remove the food residues remaining between the teeth and to prevent bacterial growth in these areas. Another part that is open to bacterial growth in the mouth is the tongue surface. In order to prevent bacterial growth on the tongue surface, tongue cleaners, which are behind the toothbrushes or sold as a separate product, should be used daily. During all these procedures, care should be taken not to damage the mouth and gum surfaces. In addition to tooth brushing and flossing and tongue cleaning, the use of oral care waters is very effective in preventing dental and gum diseases by ensuring complete oral hygiene.