Healthy and white teeth are an element of great aesthetics among people. Teeth whitening procedures applied to have whiter teeth are the treatments frequently applied by dentists in recent years. Teeth whitening; It is the process of removing the colored, organic and inorganic substances formed in the porous enamel structure on the surface of the teeth with tooth whitening gels.
Why is teeth whitening needed?
The appearance of the teeth is important for people who take care of their personal care. The shape and color disorders in the teeth can even cause psychological disorders. In addition to natural tooth whitening methods that can be applied at home using herbal methods, many color, shape and position disorders can be easily resolved thanks to the development of aesthetic and restorative materials in dentistry. There are some applications such as whitening teeth with baking soda at home, the use of products such as whitening toothpastes and teeth whitening pen, as well as some medical tooth whitening treatments applied by dentists. Among these, the bleaching method of colored teeth is more economical, easy and effortless compared to other restorative methods.
Why do teeth lose their whiteness?
Structural defects that occur during the formation of teeth in childhood, some antibiotics exposed in infancy or in the womb, food and drinks consumed in daily life (coloring materials such as cigarettes, tea and coffee) and the amount of fluoride in drinking water may cause discoloration on the teeth.
This color change in teeth is divided into two:
Internal coloration: These are stains that have penetrated into the tooth and cannot be removed by brushing. Structural defects that occur during the formation of teeth (due to drugs or due to excessive fluoride intake, etc.) are also included in this class. The bleaching process is very successful in most of these types of cases.
External Staining: These are the stains that adhere to the tooth surface from some coloring foods such as cigarettes, tea, coffee and cola. It is mostly possible to get rid of these stains after dental calculus cleaning and afterwards.
Different colorations require different treatments. For this reason, it is best for your dentist to decide what type of treatment should be done.
What are teeth whitening methods?
Teeth whitening methods are divided into two different types according to the application technique:
Power Bleaching performed within an hour in an office environment; It is the fastest, reliable and effective whitening system, which consists of whitening gel and light, which can lighten the tooth color 3-4 tones in a short time.
Teeth whitening at home (Home Bleaching); It is a bleaching process performed by putting gels into plastic mouthpieces specially prepared with a simple measurement taken orally. The desired whitening is achieved in an average of 5-7 days. It needs to be worn 4-8 hours a day (may vary depending on color and gel).
Can anyone have teeth whitening?
Anyone who does not have any tooth and gum disease that prevents the procedure can have teeth whitening treatment, but a dentist examination must be done before bleaching. Those who have advanced caries and gum disease in their mouth should have the bleaching process applied after they have the treatments to be applied by their physicians. Apart from this, it is not recommended to apply teeth whitening to people who have not completed their growth and development, pregnant women and breastfeeding mothers.
Is teeth whitening safe or will it damage teeth?
Researches and microscopic studies; It has shown that there is no harm in the use of a 10 percent bleaching solution. There is not a single study showing that there is structural change and permanent damage to teeth due to teeth whitening. Drugs in different concentrations can also be used for whitening teeth, but the dentist must decide how and how much they will be used.
Are the teeth the same amount of white in everyone?
Teeth whitening treatment does not give the same results for everyone; How much tooth color will lighten depends on the structure of the tooth.
What are the side effects of teeth whitening?
All whitening gels cause more or less sensitivity in the teeth. This sensitivity to cold-hot drinks and air can cause discomfort to people. This is a normal and expected side effect of the application. If the sensitivity does not disappear within 24-48 hours, it may be necessary to discontinue the use of bleach. In case of sensitivity, the fluoride applied by your dentist and the toothpaste or creams recommended to you will reduce this tooth sensitivity. Toothpastes containing potassium nitrate can also be used as an alternative to reduce sensitivity.
How long does the whitening effect last?
The result obtained from the bleaching process varies depending on the tooth structure of the person and remains stable for approximately 6 months to 2 years. Of course, this period depends on the person himself. During and after bleaching, the substances that stain the teeth should be avoided for at least two weeks.
If you also have problems with the color of your teeth, you can apply to your dentist to have a tooth whitening treatment, and if your teeth are deemed suitable for whitening as a result of the examination, you can have your procedure done as soon as possible.