Speaking about viral hepatitis, the common name of liver damage caused by viruses called jaundice, Uzm. Dr. Bekir Uygun said, “Hepatitis A is especially seen in children in the nursery period in our country. Hepatitis A is transmitted from hand surfaces contaminated with food, water and feces contaminated by the feces of sick people.”
Underlining that viral hepatitis is caused by hepatitis viruses (A, B, C, D, E, G viruses) or, more rarely, viruses that cause other diseases (Herpes, EBV, CMV), Medical Park Antalya Hospital Complex Infectious Diseases and Clinical Microbiology Department of Uzm. Dr. Bekir Uygun, “Hepatitis A and E are mainly transmitted by food and drink from these viruses. It can cause epidemics in susceptible people, especially children. Other B, C, D, G viruses can be transmitted through blood, blood, material contaminated with body fluids or close contact. “used expressions.
Watch out for signs of weakness, loss of appetite, vomiting
Emphasizing that jaundice does not occur in all patients, although the disease is known as jaundice among the public, Uzm. Dr. Appropriate, “The symptoms of the disease vary according to the damage it causes in the liver rather than the type of the virus. Some patients may have no symptoms or signs. In some patients, weakness, anorexia, nausea, vomiting, joint pain, itching, yellowing of the eyes and skin, fever, stool color. Symptoms such as lightening, dark urine color may occur, “he said.
It is common in kindergarten children
Underlining that hepatitis A is common in our country, especially in children in the nursery period, Uzm. Dr. Appropriate, “In this age group, it does not show any symptoms, so patients often recover without diagnosing the disease. Hepatitis A is transmitted from hands and surfaces contaminated with food, water and feces contaminated with the feces of sick people. It can cause epidemics in nurseries and schools where there are many sensitive people. It does not cause permanent damage, the disease is more severe in adults, “he said.
Personal belongings of the patient should be separated
Stating that Hepatitis E is also transmitted by water or food contaminated with feces like Hepatitis A, Uzm. Dr. Appropriate, “It is less common than Hepatitis A, it does not become chronic and does not cause permanent liver damage. It is especially severe in pregnant women and can be fatal. For protection, care should be taken to wash hands, disinfection of toilets with bleach after the use of patients, not sending sick children to school until recovery , the patient’s glasses, towels, etc. must be separated. ”
Hepatitis E ^ does not have a vaccine
Saying that Hepati A has a vaccine, Uzm. Dr. Appropriate, “Hepatitis E does not have a vaccine. Hepatitis B and C are important because it tends to become chronic and can cause permanent liver damage. Both diseases can be transmitted by blood and sexual intercourse. 95 percent of patients who encounter hepatitis B in adulthood. “More than 90 percent of those who encounter the disease at a young age become chronic, although it heals within 6 months. Hepatitis C becomes chronic in about 80 percent of all patients,” he said.
Unsterile materials are risky
Speaking about the ways of transmission of the disease, Uzm. Dr. Appropriate, “Contact with infected blood, using manicure, pedicure materials without sterilization, not paying attention to sterility and hygiene in mass circumcision ceremonies, common use of microbial needles during drug and drug injection, dental treatments with non-sterilized materials, unprotected sexual intercourse, tattooing without paying attention to sterilization. Or piercing can be transmitted to the child from the pregnant woman carrying the germ, “he said.
Those receiving dialysis treatment should have an examination
Stating that since most of the patients with hepatitis do not have any obvious signs and symptoms, the diagnosis of the disease can only be made by blood tests. Dr. He said, “For this reason, those who have hepatitis in their family or people with whom they live together, those who have tattoos, piercings, those who have dental treatment in unauthorized and uncontrolled places, those who are in the risk group such as those who have dialysis treatment, those who are in prison for a long time, health personnel should have an examination in a health institution” .