What are eye diseases? What are the symptoms and treatment methods?

Eye diseases are physical disorders that develop due to environmental or genetic factors and can lead to various vision problems. All kinds of diseases that occur in the eyelids, in the eye membrane, tear ducts, eye lens, or in the nerve tissues surrounding the eye, known as the transparent layer that protect the eye against external influences, are called eye diseases.


What are the symptoms of eye diseases?

Since any problem that occurs in the eyes, which is one of the most important sensory organs of the body, causes a decrease in vision or pain in the eye, burning and similar complaints, the symptoms of eye diseases can be easily noticed.

  • Heaviness and pain in the eyes,
  • The sensation of a foreign body in the eye,
  • Tears in the eyes, tears in the form of crying, burr problems,
  • Severe eye itching, redness and burning sensation,
  • Visual field narrowing and low vision,
  • Droopy eyelids and swollen eyelids,
  • Do not look down and squint your head

Experiencing one or more of such problems may be a harbinger of eye diseases.


What are the causes of eye diseases?

Eye diseases can develop due to genetic or environmental reasons. The most common causes of eye diseases:

  • Working in more or less light that makes it difficult to see,
  • Eye damage caused by foreign body intrusion into the eye,
  • Side effects of sinusitis, headache, flu, cold and fever diseases,
  • Dry eye problem due to congestion in tear ducts or environmental factors,
  • Diseases such as diabetes, heart disease,
  • Genetic features (family history of eye disease).


What are the types of eye diseases?

It can be mentioned about eye problems that arise due to the increasing use of television and smart devices with the developing technology with many eye diseases of congenital (congenital) origin.


  • Glaucoma (Eye Tension): Structural obstruction in the channels that release intraocular fluid causes insufficient discharge of the fluid and increases intraocular pressure. Increased eye pressure also causes loss of optic nerves, leading to problems such as blurred vision, severe headache and eye pain.
  • Cataract (Eye Curtain Stroke): Cataract, which has a higher incidence in advanced ages and diabetics, is an eye disease in which the lens of the eye loses its transparency. With the loss of transparency of the eye lens, painless and rapidly progressing vision loss, glare and severe sensitivity to light develop.
  • Color Blindness: It is a vision problem that develops due to the absence of special pigments that enable color discrimination in the visual center or the insufficient amount of pigment, and it is generally inherited. Color blindness usually occurs with the inability to distinguish one or more of the colors red, green, and blue.
  • Strabismus: Strabismus problem, which is often congenital or can occur as a result of accidents or febrile diseases, can be defined as an eye problem that prevents both eyes from looking parallel to a point.
  • Allergic Conjunctivitis: It can be said that the most common eye diseases in the society develop due to eye allergies. Contact Eye Allergy against drugs and make-up products, Spring Eye Allergy due to hot and dry climate, Seasonal Allergic Conjunctivitis known as hay fever are among the most common allergic eye diseases.
  • Ectropium: Eyelid sagging in old age due to aging is a common eye problem, also known as eyelid inversion.


How are eye diseases diagnosed?

Observation of symptoms such as blurred vision, severe eye pain, headache, nausea, redness and swelling in the eyes indicates the presence of an eye disease. The correct observation of the symptoms is very important for effective diagnosis and treatment. The correct diagnosis is determined by the tests or examinations performed by the ophthalmologists together with the symptoms. The most commonly used diagnostic methods for diagnosing eye diseases:


  • Vision loss test,
  • Fundus examination performed with a device called a tonometer and measuring intraocular pressure,
  • The eye’s refraction values ​​can be listed as retinal examination (optic membrane) and optic nerve (optic nerve) examination with the drop that is dropped on the pupil and allows the eye to expand.


What are the treatment methods for eye diseases?

Since eye diseases that cause narrowing of the visual field negatively affect the quality of daily life, it is very important to choose the correct treatment methods. Different treatment methods have been developed for congenital eye disorders and vision problems that occur due to environmental factors. For the treatment of the eye problem, which is correctly diagnosed with a detailed eye examination, treatment methods such as wearing glasses, medication or surgical intervention may be preferred by your doctor.


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