What are genital warts?

Genital warts are one of the most common types of sexually transmitted infections. It occurs when a virus called HPV (Human Papilloma Virus) infects a person. Almost all sexually active people encounter this virus at some time in their lives. While this virus causes genital warts in both men and women, it can also cause cervical cancer in women. Warts affect the moist areas of the genital area. The genital wart can be too small to be seen or seen in larger shapes such as small bumps or sunflowers.

What are the symptoms of genital warts?

Warts in women usually occur on the lips of the vagina, the area between the anus and the vagina, the anal canal, the walls of the vagina and the cervix (cervix). In men, it can be observed in the penis, scrotum (scrotum) and anus. Warts in the mouth, tongue and throat can be seen in people who have oral sexual contact with an HPV-infected person. Vaginal discharge, itching, burning sensation and bleeding are among the symptoms that are usually seen together with the wart in the genital areas.

Why do genital warts occur?

Warts occur when a virus called HPV infects a person. There are more than 40 subtypes of HPV that affect the genital area. Only a few of these subspecies cause warts. HPV is a virus spread by contact. The person infected with HPV may not show any symptoms and may transmit this virus to their partner sexually. The virus disappears spontaneously over time without showing any symptoms in most people. However, it can cause warts in some people. It is sufficient for the person carrying the virus to touch the sexual areas to infect the other party. Since it is a small-sized virus, it can easily enter the body by passing through small scratches and cracks on the skin.

What are the risk factors for genital warts?

The vast majority of individuals who are sexually active become infected with the HPV virus at least once in their lifetime. Those infected with the HPV subtype that causes warts can also get genital warts. Some risk factors increase the chance of encountering HPV.

What diseases does HPV infection cause other than genital warts?

It is rare for genital warts to cause an additional problem during pregnancy. Although not common, warts can grow and make it difficult to urinate. Warts on the vaginal wall can prevent stretching of the vaginal tissues during birth. Warts on the lips of the vagina may bleed due to excessive enlargement during delivery. Although it is a very rare condition, babies born to a mother with genital warts can have warts in their throat. These warts may need to be surgically removed to prevent obstruction of the baby’s airway.

 

Is it possible to prevent the formation of genital warts?

There are vaccines developed against HPV, which plays a role in the development of various cancers, especially genital warts and cervical cancer. There are vaccines that protect not only against HPV subtypes that cause cancer, but also against HPV subtypes that cause genital warts as well as cancer. These vaccines can be given to anyone over the age of 45. However, vaccination before active sexual life begins provides more effective protection. It is recommended that girls and boys have HPV vaccine after the age of 9. In this way, the possibility of developing diseases such as genital warts and cervix and penile cancer decreases in the future. In addition, the use of condoms that prevent skin contact during sexual intercourse is a protection method that reduces the risk for genital warts.

There are vaccines developed against HPV, which plays a role in the development of various cancers, especially genital warts and cervical cancer. There are vaccines that protect not only against HPV subtypes that cause cancer, but also against HPV subtypes that cause genital warts as well as cancer. These vaccines can be given to anyone over the age of 45. However, vaccination before active sexual life begins provides more effective protection. It is recommended that girls and boys have HPV vaccine after the age of 9. In this way, the possibility of developing diseases such as genital warts and cervix and penile cancer decreases in the future. In addition, the use of condoms that prevent skin contact during sexual intercourse is a protection method that reduces the risk for genital warts.

How is genital warts diagnosed?

The diagnosis is usually made by seeing the warts. However, in some cases, a biopsy may be required. In addition to these, the patient’s sexual history is also asked and the presence of risk factors is investigated. Since warts in women can also be seen in the deeper parts of the genital organs, a pelvic examination can also be performed. In the examination, an acidic solution can be applied to the genital area to see warts more easily. In addition, the doctor may give the patient a Pap test. While performing this test, the doctor inserts an instrument called a speculum into the patient’s vagina. In this way, the tissues between the vagina and the uterus are examined more easily. While examining with a speculum, a tissue sample is also taken from the cervix with the help of a brush. The cells in the tissue sample are evaluated for the presence of HPV by special methods. If abnormal cells (HPV-infected cells) are detected as a result of the test, further examination is performed using methods such as colposcopy. If cervical cancer is suspected, HPV DNA test can be performed and the presence of HPV-related genetic material in the body can be investigated. All these diagnostic methods are important methods that can be used to diagnose diseases such as genital warts and cervical cancer associated with HPV.

What is the treatment for genital warts?

The main goal in the treatment of genital wart is to relieve the discomfort caused by the wart and to reduce the size of the wart. People who do not suffer from warts may not need treatment. Since there is no effective treatment for HPV that causes warts, periodic wart attacks can be seen in a person who has taken the virus into his body. Patients are likely to recur after treatment. The most commonly used method of treatment is the use of cream. Genital wart cream types that contain different active ingredients show their effects in different ways. Creams containing immiquimod strengthen the immune system and allow this system to fight warts stronger. After the cream is applied to the genital area, it is recommended not to have sexual intercourse for a certain period of time. The most common side effect is skin rash. Creams containing podophilin and podofilox can also be used in treatment. These creams should not be applied to the internal areas of the genital organs and are not recommended for use during pregnancy. Other types of creams can be used to treat genital warts. Your doctor will prescribe the best cream for you and demand that you use it regularly. With the cream treatment, it is aimed to reduce uncomfortable conditions such as itching, redness and burning caused by the wart.

 



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