With the arrival of the summer months, the increase in air temperatures begins to make life difficult for many people. The increase in air temperatures and the opening of the holiday season bring with it an increase in the incidence of some diseases called summer diseases. It is necessary to take some precautions to avoid these diseases in hot summer days. It is very important for health to avoid being under the sun as much as possible, especially at noon, the hottest hours of the day. A skin-compatible sunscreen cream should be used regularly. Foods with unknown content and production time should not be consumed in order to avoid food poisoning, as the temperature of the air in the summer months may cause deterioration in many foods, especially those sold outside. Attention should be paid to the use of air conditioning, and should not be in areas directly affected by the air conditioner for a long time to protect health. Hygiene should be given importance in places to be preferred for summer vacation, especially care should be taken against diseases that can be transmitted from pools. Here are the summer diseases that are common in the summer months and what you need to pay attention to in order to spend the hottest months of the year without any problems …
As a result of intense exposure to sunlight, a skin disease called sunburn is observed. Due to prolonged exposure to the sun, a rash occurs first with the effect of ultraviolet rays. Then, depending on the severity of the burn, color darkening and peeling in the upper layer of the skin are observed. Only redness, pain and swelling can be observed in first degree burns. The formation of water-filled bubbles on the skin is a symptom of a second degree burn, and this is the heaviest burn caused by the sun. Third degree burns, which are the most severe burns, are not possible due to the sun. In order to prevent sunburn, the sun should not be kept under the sun as much as possible at noon, shade areas should be preferred and sunscreens should be renewed and used at regular intervals during the outdoor process.
Due to prolonged exposure to the sun, the mechanisms responsible for body temperature regulation may be adversely affected, resulting in a picture called sunstroke. Heat stroke, which manifests itself with symptoms such as high fever, nausea and vomiting, and involuntary muscle contractions, can reach life-threatening dimensions. For this reason, in order to avoid this picture, it is necessary not to spend much time in open areas on days when the air temperature is high, especially at noon when the sun comes to the earth at almost vertical angles.
Prolonged unprotected exposure to the sun without protective measures such as the use of sunscreen, wearing a hat, can cause sun spots, especially in people with light-colored skin. Sunspots, which are common on the face, back, shoulders and arms, cause an undesirable appearance. For this reason, sunscreen cream should be used regularly in order to protect against sunspots, and prolonged exposure to the sun should be avoided during the summer months. In order to eliminate existing sunspots or reduce their appearance, methods such as chemical peeling, stain removal dermocosmetic product applications can be used.
Although there is a great decrease in the frequency of getting flu infections during the summer months, the picture called summer flu can affect many people. Due to the high temperatures, the flu can make life more difficult during these months than ever before. For this reason, it is very important to pay attention to the use of air conditioners and fans in the summer months, to avoid drinking very cold water and to ventilate the environment regularly.
Changes in the season, air temperature, day and night can cause mood disorders in some individuals. One of the examples of this is summer depression. Summer depression, which manifests itself with conditions such as depressed mood, low energy, and avoiding doing any activity with the effect of air temperature, may cause sensitivity, sleep disturbance and anxiety disorders in people and requires psychological treatment.
Eye infections, which are manifested by problems such as redness, itching, watering, stinging and burning in the eyes, are diseases that can be easily transmitted due to factors such as rubbing the eyes with dirty hands or crowded pools. For this reason, more attention should be paid to eye hygiene than usual, especially in summer, and a health institution should be consulted immediately in case of signs of infection in the eyes.
Some microorganisms that can reproduce faster in hot weather are the main cause of infections that are common in the summer months. The frequency of diseases such as diarrhea, nausea, some eye and ear infections, and fungal infections increases due to the infectious factors that can create a more comfortable breeding environment due to the rising air temperature in the summer months. For this reason, it is necessary to take precautions such as avoiding swimming in waters that are not sure about hygiene and not consuming foods that are not known under what conditions in hot weather.
The rash, which is usually seen in the summer months, is a skin disease that occurs as a result of blockage of sweat ducts and manifests itself in the form of redness and blisters on the skin. It occurs due to sweating in hot weather and causes itching. Rash, which is more common in children, is seen in curved parts of the body such as the chest, abdomen, neck, arms and legs. Generally, it may be necessary to consult a physician if rashes heal spontaneously within a few days.
Air conditioning disease
Air conditioners, which are frequently used to cool off in the summer months, are a suitable breeding environment for some airborne microorganisms. Air conditioning disease, also known as Legionnaires’ disease, can lead to serious respiratory illnesses that can lead to pneumonia. Cleaning and maintenance of air conditioners should be done regularly in order to be protected from this disease, which can easily affect people who do not have a strong immune system.
Food poisoning, which can be encountered in all periods of the year, is a more common problem in the summer months. Food poisoning is also common as a result of the food spoilage more easily in hot weather and the acceleration of microorganism reproduction. For this reason, eating outside should be avoided as much as possible, especially on hot summer days, products sold in cold cabinets should be purchased from markets that are reliable in terms of cold chain, and vegetables and fruits should be washed well before consumption. Foods prepared at home should not be kept in the refrigerator for a long time, taking into account their storage time, they should be prepared and consumed daily as much as possible.
Bites and itches
Mosquitoes and some insect species, whose numbers are increasing in summer, can cause itching, redness and swelling by biting the human body. In some cases, these conditions, which heal spontaneously within a few hours, may negatively affect life by causing itching and allergic reactions that last for days. Apart from insect bites, sometimes problems such as itching and swelling on the skin can be encountered due to house dust and mites, pollen and some chemical substances. In order to prevent mosquito and insect bites, mosquito nets should be installed on the windows of the houses and methods that repel flies and insects should be used in the open air. In people with allergy problems, the factors should be determined by performing an allergy test and they should be avoided as much as possible.