The brain, which is responsible for all functions of the body, especially seeing, hearing, learning and thinking, is protected by the skull against impacts and impacts. However, in cases such as internal pressure and severe trauma, cerebral hemorrhage may occur. This disorder, which can be seen in all age groups, is more common in individuals between the ages of 50-60. Cerebral hemorrhage, which is 3 times more common in women than in men, causes thousands of deaths or serious injuries every year.
What is a brain hemorrhage?
As a result of the weakening of the cerebral artery wall, a balloon structure occurs in the vessels. This structure, which is generally formed in the bifurcation of the vessels, is much more resistant than the normal healthy vein. Some conditions may cause the balloon structure to rupture and cerebral hemorrhage. Cerebral hemorrhage is divided into two as spontaneous and traumatic according to the way it occurs. Cerebral hemorrhages caused by trauma such as accidents and injuries are traumatic; Spontaneous brain hemorrhages are called spontaneous. Cerebral hemorrhages are divided into five according to the area where the bleeding occurs. If the bleeding is in the water pools in the brain, intraventricular; intracerebnal if within brain tissue; subarachnoid if between meninges and inner meninges; subdural hemorrhage between outer meninges and mid-meninges, and epidural hemorrhage between outer meninges and bone. In traumatic brain hemorrhages caused by accident or violence, the entire region of the brain is affected. Spontaneous cerebral hemorrhages generally occur between the brain and the meninges or within the brain.
Brain bleeding symptoms
• Usually one-sided facial paralysis
• Tingling and numbness in the legs
• Difficulty raising arms and holding them in the air
• Vision problems, uncontrolled movement of the eyes and drooping of the eyelid
• Difficulty swallowing
• Nausea, vomiting, and taste disturbances
• Weakness, numbness and tingling sensation on one side of the body
• Sudden dizziness due to reduced blood flow to the brain
• Lack of balance and coordination
• Severe headache, loss of consciousness, drowsiness, weakness, not understanding what is spoken, sleepiness, indifference to surrounding events and sounds, and speech disorder are among the symptoms of blood pressure-related brain hemorrhage.
Causes of brain hemorrhage
• Chronic diseases such as kidney failure, diabetes and some blood diseases
• Smoking and alcohol use
• Some liver diseases and congenital vascular diseases
• Coagulation disorders and the use of anticoagulant drugs
• Blockages in small arterial vessels or main vessels in the brain, balloon structures in the brain vessels (aneurysm)
• Brain tumors
• Accidents and violent blows to the head, post-traumatic skull damage, brain tissue damage
• Genetic predisposition
Brain hemorrhage treatment methods
Cerebral hemorrhage is an emergency situation and an ambulance should be called especially in cases of cerebral hemorrhage caused by trauma and spontaneous. Any bleeding that develops in the brain may not show any symptoms at first. However, the person should be kept under observation for the first 24 hours. In the hours after the accident, the bleeding progresses and puts pressure on the brain. This condition can cause the person to fall into a coma or even die. The primary goal in the treatment of brain hemorrhage is to save the patient’s life by removing the cause of the bleeding and to prevent unwanted complications. The patient who has had a cerebral hemorrhage is followed up in the intensive care unit and is usually treated with surgery. The patient’s recovery time after surgery varies depending on the difficulty of the surgical procedure. The patient should be prevented from sleeping within the first 24 hours after the effect of narcosis wears off. For this reason, the patient is woken up by the healthcare professionals at frequent intervals and his / her consciousness is checked.