What is an allergy? What are the types of allergies and allergy symptoms?

Allergy is when the antibodies in our body wage war and react to substances that may be harmless to others. These substances can be dust, nutrients, respiratory substances, pollen, mites and animal hair. Allergy can be seen in all age groups. Although it is mostly thought to be genetic, allergies occur at different ages with the effect of environmental factors. Smoking and environmental pollution are seen as the main causes of allergies.



Allergy symptoms

Allergy symptoms differ from person to person. The severity of the allergy also affects the symptoms. Symptoms may include itching, nasal congestion, frequent sneezing, chronic cough, shortness of breath or wheezing, rash or swelling in the body.


What are spring allergies and pollen allergies? How does it occur?

With the arrival of spring, nature comes to life and pollen emerges. Pollen is an allergen for sensitive people. Pollen allergy manifests as allergic rhinitis, eye allergy and asthma. The symptoms of these patients intensify with the arrival of spring. Frequent sneezing, nasal congestion, tearing and itching in the eyes, coughing, wheezing and even shortness of breath are among the symptoms. Its treatment is done with antihistamines, cortisone-containing nasal sprays or respiratory medications, and breath-relaxing medications. Immunotherapy can also be done in severe cases.


Do babies have allergies?

Allergy can be seen in babies as well as in any age group. Allergy is believed to be mostly genetic. However, there are reasons that increase the severity of the allergy. For example; The mother’s smoking during pregnancy or after birth facilitates the emergence and exacerbation of the symptoms.

Respiratory allergies in infants; It can manifest itself as nasal congestion, wheezing, recurrent or persistent coughing attacks. Food allergies may occur in some babies during the adaptation period. In these babies, symptoms such as excessive gas, abdominal distension, diarrhea or constipation, blood in the stool, skin rash or eczema can be seen.

When talking about infant allergies, one should not forget about cow’s milk allergy. Cow’s milk allergy symptoms may begin at birth. Symptoms are often like those listed above. In the treatment, it is essential to remove cow’s milk from the diet of the mother and baby. This type of allergy may resolve spontaneously in later years.


What is an allergic rhinitis?

Rhinitis means rhinitis. Allergic rhinitis is the occurrence of inflammatory symptoms in the nose due to different allergens. It can be seen at any age from infancy to old age. There is an increase in the findings in the spring months. In patients with allergic rhinitis, runny nose, nasal itching, nasal congestion, sneezing, and nasal itching may be observed.

Allergic rhinitis is also called hay fever. Atopic dermatitis, eczema and asthma can be seen along with allergic rhinitis. It is among the diseases that greatly reduce the comfort of human life. It can often cause sleep disturbances and snoring. Concentration disorders may occur in children.

Allergic rhinitis is distinguished by the absence of other signs of infection from the common cold. The diagnosis of allergic rhinitis is made primarily by the patient’s history. Later, allergy tests are done. Allergy medicines and cortisone can be used in its treatment. It is also important to protect the patient from pollen. When necessary, patients can also be vaccinated.



What is allergic asthma?

Asthma is chronic inflammation of the airways. Just like in pollen allergy, antibodies in the body fight against allergens entering the respiratory tract. At the end of this, just like a lung infection, cough, wheezing, and shortness of breath occur.

Asthma can range in severity from mild to severe. The severity of the disease is evaluated according to the number of days the disease findings are seen. Childhood asthma plays an important role in children’s school absenteeism. Sometimes, asthma can manifest itself as a night cough that does not go away alone or a cough that starts with exercise.

Asthma that starts in infancy can improve with advancing age. History, physical examination and allergy tests are used in the diagnosis of asthma. Allergy medicines, breath enhancers and cortisone are used in its treatment. Immunotherapy can be done.



Who should have allergy tests?

Patients with persistent allergy symptoms are tested for allergy to plan the treatment and to provide protection. Allergy test can be applied to all patients from infancy. These tests are evaluated by taking blood or on the skin. Tests must be applied by an allergist. Sudden findings may also occur during the test.



What are allergy medications?

Antihistamines (allergy medicine), nasal sprays containing cortisone and respiratory tract, breathing openers and allergy vaccines are the main drugs used in treatment.


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