Inflammatory diseases of the large intestine are called colitis. The most common type is ulcerative colitis. Ulcerative colitis has similar features with many diseases. The patient’s clinic, laboratory, endoscopic examination and biopsy, radiological examinations and histopathological examination should be evaluated together in the differential diagnosis of diseases. Infections of the small intestine and large intestine, AIDS, intestinal parasites, inflammation of the intestinal pockets called diverticulitis caused by intestinal hernias (diverticulitis), radiation colitis used in the treatment of cancer patients, antibiotics used in many diseases, some rheumatic drugs, some rheumatic diseases such as ulcerative colitis cause illnesses.
Ulcerative colitis is a chronic inflammatory bowel disease with recurrence due to many factors such as stress, distress, smoking, and infections that cause chronic inflammatory changes in the intestines. The incidence of the disease is almost equal in men and women, and it is mostly seen between the ages of 15-30. In addition, the disease is inherited, and the incidence of the disease increases in close relatives and children of sick parents.
What are the symptoms of colitis?
The disease begins in the rectum in the lowest part of the large intestine and shows upward effects on the mucosa and submucosa. In the intestines, it shows more superficial effects. Colitis is mostly limited to the large intestine. Sometimes the disease involves all layers of the intestine, causing bowel perforation, fistula and abscesses. The disease occurs in mild, moderate and severe forms. Cramp-like abdominal pain, bloody mucus diarrhea, tenesis (feeling of incomplete ejaculation), moderate and severe forms of the disease also cause nausea, vomiting, fever, weight loss and loss of appetite.
How should the patient’s diet be during colitis?
During the exacerbation period of the colitis disease, the foods that the patient should take daily can be given as ready-made solutions through the vasculature and the intestine can be rested, but this method provides the regression of the acute inflammatory condition, and its benefit is controversial if it is long-term.