What is depression? What are the Symptoms of Depression?

What is depression?


Depression (major depressive disorder) is a common and serious but treatable medical illness that negatively affects how you feel, how you think, and how you behave. Depression leads to a constant state of sadness and a lack of enjoyment from pleasurable situations. Depression can cause a variety of emotional and physical symptoms. The ability to perform tasks at home and at work is reduced in people with depression.



What are the symptoms of depression?

• Feeling sad all the time
• Loss of interest and pleasure in daily activities
• Changes in appetite: binge eating or loss of appetite
• Difficulty falling asleep, frequent awakenings or excessive sleep
• Feeling tired all the time
• Slowness in speech and movements
• Feeling worthless and guilty
• Loss of concentration, difficulty making decisions
• Suicidal tendency

In order to be diagnosed with depression, the above symptoms must continue for at least two weeks. Depression can be seen at any age, from childhood to old age. It is more common in women. Those who have had depression once have a chance to get caught again later in life.


What are the causes of depression?

Depression has no single cause. Psychological, biological, and social factors can each cause depression.


Are there risk factors for depression?

Early parental loss, separation or death from a loved one, being a woman, low socioeconomic level, job loss, alcohol or substance abuse, divorce, bad and traumatic childhood, previous depression, presence of depression in the family, some medications, hormonal changes and some diseases are the main risk factors for depression.



How is depression diagnosed?

Depression is a well-defined and classified disorder in psychiatry. The diagnosis is made with a good history taken from the patient. There is also a depression test used by physicians.

Generalized anxiety disorder is a state of intense anxiety and anxiety that is unrelated to the current situation. This situation affects the daily and social life of the person. Worries are usually related to work, health, money or family. The uncontrollable state of anxiety has been going on for at least 6 months. It is important not to confuse generalized anxiety disorder with depression.


What are the ways to get rid of depression?

If some of the symptoms listed above persist for at least two weeks, it is necessary to apply to a psychiatrist. In the treatment of depression, psychotherapy is applied in addition to medication. Family support is extremely important.

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