What is HPV? What are the symptoms and treatment methods?

Genital warts HPV virus (Human papilloma virus), which is within the scope of sexually transmitted warts, occurs as a result of infection in both women and men in the genital area, sometimes in a single area, sometimes in a few areas, sometimes as small as a pinhead, sometimes 1-2 They are numerous, sometimes painless, partially firm masses that can reach 3-4 diameters. HPV infection is seen with increasing frequency in our country. It causes serious health problems for both men and women.

What is the HPV virus?

“Human papillorna Virus” is a kind of virus that infects both the male and female genital area and mucous membranes of this region and causes the formation of wart-shaped masses called condyloma (condyloma acuminatum). Although HPV virus and related genital wart infection are included in the group of sexually transmitted diseases, it is known that it can be transmitted outside of sexual intercourse very rarely.


How is it transmitted?

Contamination of the virus is transmitted by skin-mucosal contact to the genitals of the person, such as the penis or female external genitalia, or to the areas such as the mouth and anus.


HPV virus in man

HPV virus, which causes cervical cancer, is known to cause penile cancer in men. It should not be forgotten that men are usually carriers and therefore their protection is as important as women. Genital wart poses significant risks for male patients and should be treated immediately when detected.


How does HPV Virus show symptoms?

The incubation period varies according to the HPV type, and following an incubation period between 2 months and 6 years after transmission, it causes warts (genital warts, condyloma lesions) in the genital area, anus, mouth in women or men with varying numbers and sizes. In some people who may have warts after months, this virus does not cause any symptoms for years and can emerge as genital warts, for example, after 5 years. As it can be transmitted to the mouth with oral sex, condyloma genital wart locations can come out around or inside the anus with neighborly or anal sex. The preservative does not provide full protection in HPV. Therefore, warts can appear not only on the penis but in the whole genital area. It can spread towards the part. In short, condoms that protect from sexually transmitted diseases cannot be fully protective in HPV.

What increases the risk of HPV transmission in men?

Polygamy is one of the main reasons that facilitate the transmission of HPV. Starting early sex and having unsafe sexual intercourse is one of the preliminary causes of cancers related to this type of HPV virus. The diagnosis of genital warts can be easily made by an experienced physician by eye. Biopsy or swab can also be used to diagnose suspicious warts and / or to make typing.


In which regions can HPV cause cancer in men?

When HPV, which can cause penile cancer in men, is located around the anus region, cancer can be encountered in the rectum area, which is the last part of the anus and large intestine. HPV can also cause nasal, tonsil, tongue, laryngeal cancer and in some cases esophagus cancer in men, especially through oral sex.

How is it treated?

The best method for the treatment of condyloma in men is the burning method. The options for the treatment of condyloma in men are cauterization, IRRP or laser burning according to the doctor’s option. In the treatment, besides burning the genital warts, freezing, surgically removing and small warts. There is also the option of treating by applying special creams. Among the HPV treatment options in men, the burning method is the most permanent method and relapses are less.

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